Chögyal Pakpa Lodrö Gyaltsen
Courtesy of Himalayan Art Resources
- Drogön Chögyal Pakpa
Emanation of the illustrious Samantabhadra,
Renowned as all-knowing in this age of strife,
Enthroned as a sovereign of the teachings in this world—
Chögyal Pakpa, to you I pay homage!
Texts by and about the great Sakya master Chögyal Pakpa Lodrö Gyaltsen (chos rgyal ’phags pa blo gros rgyal mtshan, 1235–1280):
The most popular maṇḍala offering liturgy in Tibetan Buddhism, through which one offers the outer and inner universe complete with 37 features: 1) Mount Meru; 2-5) the four continents; 6-13) the eight subcontinents; 14) the jewel mountain; 15) the wish-fulfilling tree; 16) the wish-fulfilling cow; 17) the harvest which needs no sowing; 18-24) the seven attributes of royalty; 25) the vase of great treasure; 26-33) the eight offering goddesses; 34) the sun; 35) the moon; 36) the precious umbrella; and 37) the royal banner victorious in all directions.
Sometimes known as the seven-point maṇḍala offering, this is an extremely popular text that is sometimes appended to the 37-Point Maṇḍala Offering. Its precise origin is unknown, however. The earliest available version appears in a consecration manual by Drakpa Gyaltsen, but it has been attributed to various authors, including Pakpa Lodrö Gyaltsen and the legendary bodhisattva Dharmodgata.