Transference (Phowa) Series
Practices › Transference
Courtesy of Himalayan Art Resources
Emaho! Exceedingly wondrous protector Amitābha,
Great Compassionate One, and Vajrapāṇi-Mahāsthāmaprāpta,
With a mind of single-pointed focus, I pray to you:
Grant your blessings so that my consciousness may be transferred to the land of great bliss!
Texts related to powa (‘pho ba; Skt. saṃkrānti/utkrānti), the transference or ejection of consciousness at the moment of death, a practice which may be performed for oneself or on behalf of another and which is one of Nāropa’s six yogas:
- Extensive Instructions on the Transference of Consciousness to the Land of Great Bliss by Karma Chakme
This famous commentary on the 'transference of consciousness' ('pho ba; Skt. saṃkrānti/utkrānti) describes the various forms of the practice in general and the specific details of the Namchö (gnam chos) transference in particular. It offers instructions on how to perform the transference both for oneself and others.
- A Prayer to the Lineage Gurus of the Profound Path of Transference from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Patrul Rinpoche
- An Authentic Liturgy for Daily Practice of the Treasure Text of Transference: Enlightenment Without Meditation by Adzom Drukpa
In this arrangement of the Longchen Nyingtik transference (phowa), Adzom Drukpa adds some pithy advice exhorting all those who have not yet accomplished Dzogchen to take this practice to heart and train in it regularly.
This simple practice of the transference of consciousness, or phowa ('pho ba), in the form of a prayer was written by Dezhung Tulku Ajam and is also preserved within the collected writings of Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö (1893–1959).
A simple practice of the transference of consciousness (phowa; 'pho ba) for animals killed for the sake of their flesh or hide. The author says that the text was partly inspired by references in the biography of Shabkar Tsokdruk Rangdrol.
- Transference: Enlightenment Without Meditation (Compilation) compiled by the Fourth Dodrupchen Rinpoche
This arrangement integrates the Longchen Nyingtik's practice of transference, or phowa, with elements from the same tradition's preliminary practices. The text was first compiled for the sake of new retreatants at Serdrang Monastery in Nepal.
- Concise and Clear Supplementary Instructions for the Transference Practice of the Great Perfection's Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo elaborates on the fundamental teachings of Jigme Lingpa by providing 1) transference instructions for someone who has recently died, 2) transference instructions as part of the ongoing ritual for guiding the deceased, and 3) instructions for the living.
This short guide can be read aloud in the presence of the dead and dying. It begins by explaining the truth of the person's situation, that they have passed away, then offers citations from the sūtras, encourages them to aim for Sukhāvatī, and finally guides them in a practice of transference (phowa).
This compilation, which supplements the root text of the transference (phowa) practice from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse (Longchen Nyingtik) with additional prayers, is extracted from Patrul Rinpoche's famous The Words of My Perfect Teacher (kun bzang bla ma'i zhal lung).
A very simple practice of phowa ('pho ba), or transference of consciousness, in which the practitioner, appearing in the form of Avalokiteśvara, ejects his or her consciousness into the heart of Buddha Amitābha.