Deities › Mañjuśrī
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Courtesy of Himalayan Art Resources
Across the skies of all that can be known, profound and infinite,
Shine vast rays of light from the sun of your intelligence,
Dispelling the darkness of ignorance in all beings' minds—
Lord Mañjughoṣa, to you I pay homage!
Texts related to Mañjuśrī ('jam dpal) or Mañjughoṣa ('jam pa'i dbyangs), the Buddha or Bodhisattva of Wisdom:
Ārya Mañjuśrī Tantra Citta
This short text is said to encapsulate the essence of the famous tantra known as Chanting the Names of Mañjuśrī (Mañjuśrī Nāmasaṃgīti).
This commentary on the Ārya Mañjuśrī Tantra Garbha, which is said to encapsulate the famous Mañjuśrī Nāma Saṃgīti, appears anonymously in the Treasury of Precious Revelations (rin chen gter mdzod), but is thought to have been written by the editor of that collection, Jamgön Kongtrul.
Chanting the Names of Mañjuśrī
Commonly known as simply the Nāmasaṅgīti, this is one of the most highly revered tantras throughout all lineages and practice systems of Vajrayāna Buddhism. In it, Buddha Śākyamuni teaches Vajrapāṇi and his retinue a list of names for the wisdom body of Mañjuśrī, the heart of all tathāgatas. Expressed in attractive and at time playful verses, these names evoke an extremely vast array of topics and images, from the mundane to the transcendent, and from the quiescent to the ferocious. The Nāmasaṅgīti has occupied a central role in the daily chanting of Buddhist practitioners for centuries and is often the first text to be recited on special occasions.
- Wisdom's Bestowal: A Way to Accumulate the Recitation of the Tantra 'Chanting the Names of Mañjuśrī' (Mañjuśrī Nāmasaṅgīti) by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
For this 'means of recitation' (bklag thabs), which provides additional prayers and practices to be said before and after the root text of Chanting the Names of Mañjuśrī (Mañjuśrī-nāmasaṅgīti; 'jam dpal mtshan brjod), Khyentse Wangpo relied upon and adapted the writings of the great Sakya patriarchs Jetsün Drakpa Gyaltsen and Sakya Paṇḍita.
- The Precious Jewelled Key: A Synopsis of the Aspiration of the Great Perfection Mañjuśrī by Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
An outline of the famous prayer by Mipham Namgyal Gyatso (1846–1912), aspiring to realize the ultimate significance of Mañjuśrī according to the Great Perfection.
- Self-Radiance of Indestructible Awareness and Emptiness: An Aspiration towards the Meaning of the Indivisible Ground, Path and Fruition of the Great Perfection Mañjuśrī by Mipham Rinpoche
Written using the language of the Great Perfection, this prayer, which Mipham wrote in 1886, is an aspiration to realize the nature of mind — indestructible awareness and emptiness — and the true meaning of Mañjuśrī.
- Giver of the Light of Wisdom: A Guru Yoga of the Omniscient Longchenpa by Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
This short guru yoga, which features Longchenpa and Mañjuśrī, was composed at the request of a monk named Kunga Rabgye.
This short guru yoga, composed in Lhodrak Kharchu in 1956, features Guru Rinpoche Nangsi Zilnön (Prevailing Over All That Appears and Exists) with Mañjughoṣa in his heart.
A four-line prayer composed to consecrate an image of Mañjuśrī.
- The Healing Medicine of Faith: A Prayer to the Lineage of the Peaceful Sādhana of Mañjuśrī by Khenchen Jigme Phuntsok
A supplication to the lineage for Sādhana of Peaceful Mañjuśrī, a practice which Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok composed spontaneously in a cave at Wutaishan.
- The Meaning of the Six Syllables of the King of Vidyā-Mantras, the Heroic Lord Mañjuśrī by Jampal Dewe Nyima
A commentary on the famous six-syllable mantra of Mañjuśrī (oṃ arapacana dhīḥ), relating each mantra syllable to aspects of generation stage (bskyed rim), completion stage (rdzogs rim) and Great Perfection (rdzogs chen) practice.
Poetic verses describing Mañjuśrī's appearance, praising his qualities and invoking the light of his wisdom.
A short text in praise of the 'Lords of the Three Families' (rigs gsum mgon po), i.e., Mañjughoṣa, Avalokiteśvara and Vajrapāṇi.
Jamyang Khyentse drew heavily upon the famous tantra Chanting the Names of Mañjuśrī (Mañjuśrī-nāma-saṅgīti) in order to compose this praise and supplication to the deities of the five families of Mañjuśrī.
Jamyang Khyentse composed this poetic paean to Mañjuśrī, with its long, seventeen-syllable lines, in Gangtok in the summer of 1957.
Eleven verses in praise of Mañjuśrī which Jamyang Khyentse composed at the end of the Water Dragon year (i.e., in January 1953), while he was in retreat.
Jamyang Khyentse composed these verses in praise of Mañjuśrī at the request of his master of ceremonies, Lama Chokden, while relaxing in a forest in Darjeeling.
Verses in praise of Mañjughoṣa written at the behest of the Third Palpung Öntrul—five verses in praise of the deity's body, speech, mind, qualities and activity, followed by a verse of dedication.
This praise of Mañjuśrī for increasing the power of one's intelligence consists of fourteen four-line verses—fourteen, says Mipham, being the number of vital essences (dwangs ma) in beings and the world. The text was written in 1906.
Mipham wrote this short text of praise in 1881 during a retreat that was focused upon Mañjuśrī.
A succinct four-line praise of Mañjughoṣa's enlightened body, speech and mind.
In thirty-two verses, Mipham Rinpoche praises the ultimate Mañjuśrī, beyond colour and physical characteristics, the basic space of enlightened mind in which all is equal.
Mipham Rinpoche composed this short text at the age of just eighteen. It inspired a commentary by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche.
This short praise attributed to Ācārya Nāgārjuna focuses on the ultimate nature of Mañjuśrī—insubstantial, non-dual, colourless, sizeless, and profound. The text is included in the Tengyur (Toh 1131).
A short, five-verse praise to Mañjughoṣa, the foremost bodhisattva and father of all the victorious ones.
Praise to Mañjuśrī—Glorious Wisdom's Excellent Qualities
- A Few Remarks: An Explanation of the Praise to Noble Mañjuśrī known as Glorious Wisdom’s Excellent Qualities by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
A clear and concise commentary on the words of the most famous of praises to Mañjuśrī, Glorious Wisdom's Excellent Qualities (dPal ye shes yon tan bzang po), attributed to the Indian master Ācārya Vajrāyudha/Vajraśastra.
- Bestower of the Light of Intelligence: A Prayer to the Lineage of the Profound Sādhana Based Upon the Praise to Venerable Mañjughoṣa by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
Lineage prayer for the Mañjuśrī sādhana based on the Gang gi Lodröma praise attributed to Vajrāyudha, which is included in Compendium of Sādhanas.
This edition of the so-called Gang gi lodröma presents the famous praise of Mañjuśrī as it is commonly recited by Tibetan Buddhists—with the deity’s mantra and two additional verses.
Popularly known as the Gang gi lodröma (based on its first four syllables), this is perhaps the most famous praise of Mañjuśrī recited by Tibetan Buddhists. According to legend it was composed by 500 Indian paṇḍitas simultaneously, in response to a request from their abbot, after whom it takes its formal name—Śrī Jñāna Guṇaphala (dpal ye shes yon tan bzang po), "Glorious Wisdom's Excellent Qualities". It is included in the Kriyātantra section of the Tengyur (Toh 2711).
An invocation and supplication of Mañjuśrī together with other deities of the three kāyas and figures from the Dzogchen lineage including Apang Tertön (alias Trinlé Lingpa) himself.
A four-line supplication to Mañjuśrī invoking his power to dispel ignorance and grant courageous eloquence (pratibhāna) and intelligence.
This prayer to Buddha Amitābha, Mañjuśrī the 'Lion of Speech' (smra ba'i seng ge) and the goddess Sarasvatī was composed by Karma Chakmé for his own daily practice. It includes a series of aspirations related to wisdom and intelligence.
One of many four-line prayers to Mañjuśrī that Mipham Rinpoche composed, this one invokes the deity's glorious powers of speech.
A brief, four-line supplication of Mañjuśrī requesting his bestowal of a prodigious intellect.
- The Torch of Wisdom: A Method of Offering Butter Lamps Based on Ārya Mañjuśrī by Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
This method of offering butter lamps on a large scale in connection with the Highest Yoga tantra practices of Mañjuśrī is for use on major anniversaries related to the Buddha’s life and other special occasions.
Zenkar Rinpoche composed this sādhana when he was just fifteen years old at the request of his tutor. Its focus is Mañjuśrī, the embodiment of all the buddhas' wisdom.
This brief sādhana of Orange Mañjuśrī, which incorporates the famous Gang gi lodrö praise, was written for students in Bhutan.
The Sādhana of Peaceful Mañjuśrī, which Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok composed spontaneously while in the Cave of Nārāyaṇa at Wutaishan.
A concise and simple sādhana focused upon Mañjuśrī, the embodiment of all the buddhas' wisdom.
- Sādhana of Mañjughoṣa revealed by Tertön Sogyal
This terma revelation is a simple sādhana focusing on orange Mañjuśrī as a means to increase intelligence.