Translations by Han Kop
Han Kop began studying Tibetan in 2009. He has also studied at Dzongsar Shedra in Himachal Pradesh and served as an instructor and oral translator at the Rigpa Shedra in Nepal. From 2017 until 2020 he studied at Rangjung Yeshe Institute to obtain an MA in Translation, Textual Interpretation, and Philology. He is now the Director of the Longchen Nyingtik Project.
Texts translated into English by Han Kop
Adzom Gyalse Gyurme Dorje
These notes provide a brief but valuable overview of the practices of Tsa Lung (rtsa rlung)—literally 'channels and wind-energies'—according to the Longchen Nyingtik tradition. The text identifies some important literary sources that explain the theory behind the training, warns of potential pitfalls and highlights the benefits.
- Victorious in the Battle with the Four Demons: A Prayer to the Lineage of the Wrathful Guru, Hayagrīva and Garuḍa by Adzom Gyalse Gyurme Dorje
Chokgyur Dechen Lingpa
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
This daily practice of Tārā Sarasvatī belongs to the Inner Female Practice (Yumka) of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (Longchen Nyingtik), A Treasure Vase Containing the Essence of Great Bliss, through which all enlightened activities are carried out based on the Twenty-One Tārās.
- Beautiful Clouds of Blessings: A Prayer to the Lineage Masters of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse from the Great Perfection compiled by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche added several verses to an original prayer composed by one of Jigme Lingpa's direct disciples, in order to complete the list of lineage masters—from whom, as he says, he received great kindness—up to and including to himself.
- Shower of Indestructible Splendour: A Self-Initiation for the Guru Practice of the Vidyādhara Assembly, from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche wrote this self-initiation (bdag 'jug) for the Vidyādhara Assembly (Rigdzin Düpa) when he presided over a group practice (tshogs sgrub) in Bhutan and the need for such a text became clear. The practice of self-initiation, he says, "restores the power of the four empowerments, heals impairments and breakages of enlightened body, speech and mind, and offers a training in maturing through self-entry to the maṇḍala."
- Supplication to the Lineage of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse compiled by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
A collection of short prayers to all the key figures in the lineage of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse (Longchen Nyingtik) compiled by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche for regular recitation in conjunction with any practice from the Longchen Nyingtik cycle.
- The Refined Essence of Compassion: A Daily Sādhana for the Natural Liberation of Suffering, the Secret Practice of the Great Compassionate One by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
A daily sādhana of Dukngal Rangdrol (sdug bsngal rang grol), 'Natural Liberation of Suffering', the Avalokiteśvara practice from the Longchen Nyingtik that is either classed as a peaceful yidam or secret-level guru practice from the peaceful male-vidyādhara section of the cycle.
- The Vidyādharas' Words of Truth: An Aspiration Connected with the Stages of the Path of the Three Roots, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
Written in Nepal at the then newly-built Shechen monastery during a great accomplishment (sgrub chen) ritual of Tsokchen Düpa, this is an aspiration to accomplish the entire Longchen Nyingtik path, from the preliminaries through to the generation and completion stages and the practices of the Great Perfection.
- Wisdom Essence of the Mighty One: A Daily Practice of Hayagrīva's Play of the Three Realms, from the Ocean of Gathered Teachings of the Awesome Ones by Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche
This shorter, daily practice is adapted from the full sādhana of Hayagrīva's Play of the Three Realms (rta mgrin khams gsum rol pa), which itself belongs to the Assembly of Awesome Ones (Palchen Düpa) cycle within the Longchen Nyingtik.
Dodrupchen Jigme Tenpe Nyima
- Lamp That Illuminates the Excellent Path of Great Bliss: A Guide to the Practice Text of the Female Awareness-Holder, the Queen of Great Bliss by Dodrupchen Jigme Tenpe Nyima
This is the second major commentary on Yumka, the ḍākinī practice of the Longchen Nyingtik, (not including Jigme Lingpa's own writings) after the much longer and more elaborate Raṭik, which it supplements. The text begins with a discussion of the role and significance of Yeshe Tsogyal, and then proceeds to examine the practice itself, highlighting its special qualities and elaborating on many of its profound and subtle features.
- Words of the Vajra Queen: An Essential Daily Practice of the Vidyādharas’ Female Practice by Dodrupchen Jigme Tenpe Nyima
Dodrupchen Jigme Trinle Özer
- Highway of the Great Yoga: A Daily Practice for the Peaceful and Wrathful Deities of the Self-Liberated Wisdom Mind by Dodrupchen Jigme Trinle Özer
This short daily practice of the peaceful and wrathful deities (zhi khro) takes the famous treasure revelations of the tertön Karma Lingpa (b. 14th C.) as its basis and is widely used within the Longchen Nyingtik tradition.
- The Source of Abundant Merit: A Feast-Offering for the Secret Practice of the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering from The Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Dodrupchen Jigme Trinle Özer
- The Spontaneous Fulfilment of All Wishes: Confession and Fulfilment for the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering by Dodrupchen Jigme Trinle Özer
Dola Jigme Kalzang
The author offers a concise yet complete overview of the entire path according to the Longchen Nyingtik, applicable to monastics and lay tantrikas alike. Using the structure of virtuous beginning, middle and end, he covers the common and uncommon preliminary practices, the generation and perfection phases, and the practices of Trekchö and Tögal.
Dorje Dechen Lingpa
Fourth Dodrupchen Rinpoche
- Consecrating the Vase for the Practice of the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering (Dukngal Rangdrol) by Fourth Dodrupchen Rinpoche
This vase consecration, which is necessary when performing the guidance practice (nedren) according to the Dukngal Rangdrol cycle, appears in a recent compilation of Dukngal Rangdrol material published by Dodrupchen Monastery, Sikkim.
- The Lotus Garland: A Short Feast-Offering for the Female Practice of the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse by Fourth Dodrupchen Rinpoche
- Transference: Enlightenment Without Meditation (Compilation) compiled by the Fourth Dodrupchen Rinpoche
This arrangement integrates the Longchen Nyingtik's practice of transference, or phowa, with elements from the same tradition's preliminary practices. The text was first compiled for the sake of new retreatants at Serdrang Monastery in Nepal.
- Precise Discernment of Dharmas: A Catalogue of the Complete Collected Works of the Omniscient King of Dharma, Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa by Getse Mahāpaṇḍita
Getse Mahāpaṇḍita wrote this catalogue to the collected writings of Jigme Lingpa on the occasion of their publication in Derge in or after 1802. He begins with a biography of Jigme Lingpa, then identifies the patrons of the printing, the King and Queen of Derge, and the one who requested the publication, Dodrupchen Jigme Trinle Özer. This is followed by the actual catalogue, which lists all Jigme Lingpa’s writings except those of the Longchen Nyingtik revelation, for which there is a separate catalogue by Jigme Losal Özer.
Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thaye
- A Liturgy for the Activity Manual of the Blazing Wrathful Guru, Hayagrīva and Garuḍa by Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thaye
A liturgy for the Blazing Wrathful Guru, Hayagrīva and Garuḍa (Lama Drakpo Takhyung Barwa) practice that Jigme Lingpa revealed in 1795. Kongtrul follows Namkha Tsewang Chokdrup’s earlier compilation and supplements the root text with verses from the Vidyādhara Assembly (Rigdzin Düpa), the Female Practice of The Queen of Great Bliss (Yumka Dechen Gyalmo) and also the Awesome Ones’ Assembly (Palchen Düpa).
- The Cascading Essence of Great Bliss: An Empowerment Ritual for the Female Practice of the Queen of Great Bliss, from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thaye
Jamgön Kongtrul compiled this empowerment text for Yumka Dechen Gyalmo on the basis of the original treasure revelation, Blessing and Empowerment for the Female Practice. The result is "clear yet concise," as Kongtrul himself put it, and less elaborate than the later arrangement by Dodrupchen Jigme Tenpe Nyima (1865–1926).
- The Indestructible Vajra Garland, An Aspiration Prayer for the Lives of the Supreme Holders of the Non-Sectarian Teachings by Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Thaye
Kongtrul wrote this prayer while at the site of Yamalung, sacred for its connection with Guru Padmasambhava. In a series of verses aspiring for the longevity of all non-sectarian teachers, he offers not only a powerful practice text, but also a concise statement of his celebrated Rimé ideals.
Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
This is a poetic guide to the sacred site of Yangleshö (yang le shod) near the village of Pharping to the south of the Kathmandu Valley, where it is said that Guru Padmasambhava attained the level of a Mahāmudrā vidyādhara. Jamyang Khyentse wrote the text following a series of visionary experiences; it has the quality of a revelation and ends with a series of cryptic prophecies.
- Brief Supplementary Text for Intensive Practice (Drupchö) of the Sublime Lady of Immortality (Chimé Pakmé Nyingtik) by Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
A brief supplementary guide (zur rgyan) to the practice of Chimé Pakmé Nyingtik in the form of an intensive ritual (sgrub mchod) conducted over several days. The text includes practical instructions and liturgies for the preparation, main part and conclusion of the practice.
Composed in Darjeeling (most likely in 1958), this short invocation of Rigdzin Jigme Lingpa (1730–1798) calls upon the famed Dzogchen master and treasure-revealer by his various names and invokes his blessings and inspiration.
- Devotion That Pierces the Heart: A Prayer to the Omniscient Jigme Lingpa by Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
Jamyang Khyentse composed this prayer to the great revealer of the Longchen Nyingtik when he passed through the master's place of residence, the Yarlung Valley, during his first trip to central Tibet in 1925.
- The Sweet Ambrosia of Immortality: Concise Instructions on the Generation and Completion Phases of the Single-Form Daily Practice of the Heart Essence of the Sublime Lady of Immortality by Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö
Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö wrote these detailed instructions on how to practise the short 'single form' daily sādhana of Chimé Pakmé Nyingtik based on teachings he received from Katok Situ Chökyi Gyatso, who, in turn, received them from Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, the revealer of the practice, himself.
Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- A Glorious Garland of the Two Accomplishments: An Abridged Feast-Offering for the Female Practice of the Ḍākinī by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- A Shower of Great Bliss: A Lineage Prayer for the Guru Yoga based on Vajrasattva by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
These instructions on how to practise the Dukngal Rangdrol recitation in retreat are taken from a collection of the author's notes on various practices and topics related to the Longchen Nyingtik cycle. Though very concise, they accord with Khenpo Pema Vajra's (1807–1884) longer commentary, An Ornament to the Vidyādharas’ Wisdom.
- Source of Magnificent Blessing: A Prayer to the Lineage of the Secret Practice of the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- The Essential Activity Manual for the Awesome Ones’ Assembly, the Heart Practice of Vidyādharas, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
This version of the Palchen Düpa sādhana was arranged by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo from the original revelation for daily use or for when the practice has to be done repeatedly in a single day, such as during a drupchen (sgrub chen). It is of a medium size, shorter than the full revelation but longer than the daily practice which Khyentse Wangpo also compiled.
- The Shower of Blessings: A Prayer to the Lineage of The Sealed Quintessence, the Innermost Secret Guru Practice by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- The Shower of Great Bliss: A Prayer to the Lineage of the Female Awareness-Holder (Yumka) by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- The Single Mudrā: A Daily Practice for the Awesome Ones’ Assembly (Palchen Düpa), the Heart Practice of the Awareness-Holders by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- The Vajra Lute: A Brief Fulfilment for the Guru Practice of Vidyādhara-Assembly by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- The Visualization of the Four Goddesses of the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
- A Glorious Garland of Great Bliss, the Root Sādhana of the Queen of Great Bliss, Yumka Tsogyal, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse revealed by Jigme Lingpa
- A Prayer Recalling the Life and Liberation of the Great Perfection Adept Rangjung Dorje (‘Naturally Arisen Vajra’), Jigme Lingpa by Jigme Lingpa
Jigme Lingpa wrote this prayer recalling his own life and liberation at the request of the First Dodrupchen, Jigme Trinlé Özer (1745–1821). The prayer includes a summary of his previous lives, as well as his most important accomplishments and qualities, when—as he puts it—he emphasized the positive.
- A Ritual of Blessing and Empowerment for the Female Practice, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jigme Lingpa
This source text of the Yumka Dechen Gyalmo empowerment, part of the original treasure revelation of Longchen Nyingtik, served as the basis for later, more elaborate manuals composed by Jamgön Kongtrul and the Third Dodrupchen, Jigme Tenpe Nyima.
This prayer to be reborn in Sukhāvatī draws upon the Array of Amitābha Sūtra (amitābhavyūhasūtra, Toh 49) for its elaborate descriptions of the blissful realm. As with many of Jigme Lingpa's writings, the text is beautiful yet opaque in places, and the translation thus relies upon Rigdzin Gargyi Wangchuk's (1858–1930) commentary entitled Gateway to the Realm of Great Bliss (bde chen zhing gi 'jug ngogs).
Palchen Düpa (dpal chen 'dus pa), the 'Awesome Ones' Assembly', is the wrathful yidam practice of the Longchen Nyingtik cycle. It features the Kagyé (bka' brgyad), or eight herukas, with Chemchok Vajra Tötrengtsal as the central deity.
- Clarifying the Self-Initiation: An Empowerment of the Great Compassionate One, the Natural Liberation of Suffering by Jigme Lingpa
Jigme Lingpa himself composed this self-initiation (bdag 'jug) for the Natural Liberation of Suffering (Dukngal Rangdrol, sdug bsngal rang grol) practice of the Longchen Nyingtik cycle at the request of a lama called Rinchen Dorje.
Part of the Longchen Nyingtik cycle, this Vajrasattva guru yoga is entitled 'Cultivating the Pure Realm of Abhirati (or Manifest Joy)' but is often known simply as 'Dorsem Ngön-ga' (Abhirati Vajrasattva). It includes all the standard elements of visualization, offering, mantra recitation and receiving empowerment.
This brief liturgy for invoking the inspiration power, or blessings, of the eight vidyādharas (rig 'dzin brgyad) of India was extracted from ‘A Precious Casket: A Framework for Accomplishment, from the Ocean-like Assembly of Awesome Ones’ (dpal chen bka' 'dus rgya mtsho las/ sgrub pa'i khog 'bubs rin po che'i za ma tog).
- Elucidating the Body Maṇḍala: Clarifications on the Recitation Manual of the Female Practice of the Queen of Great Bliss by Jigme Lingpa
Further clarifications on the bodily maṇḍala (lus dkyil) of Yumka Dechen Gyalmo including the correspondence between external and internal sacred places, composed at the request of the female disciple Palding Jetsünma (alias Lhading Jetsün) of Gyangru.
- Illuminating the Meaning of Empowerment: A Self-Initiation for the Female Practice of the Ḍākinī by Jigme Lingpa
This self-initiation (bdag 'jug) for the practice of Yumka Dechen Gyalmo was composed by Jigme Lingpa himself. Receiving empowerments in this way, he explains, is a means of purifying impairments and breakages of samaya and receiving inspiration and blessings, and should therefore be practised regularly and repeatedly.
- Rain of Accomplishments: A Concise Fulfilment Practice for the Female Awareness-Holder (Yumka) by Jigme Lingpa
This fulfilment (bskang ba) practice is so rare that it was not included in previous editions of Jigme Lingpa's collected writings but appears only in modern liturgies of Shechen and Namdroling monasteries.
One of the fundamental works in the core Longchen Nyingtik collection, the root tantra provides a terse overview of the inner tantras and a brief account of the treasure's revelation. As Khenchen Pema Sherab Rinpoche remarked, it is usually taught only to a few select disciples.
The root text for the Blazing Wrathful Guru, Hayagrīva and Garuḍa (Lama Drakpo Takhyung Barwa), which the great tertön Jigme Lingpa revealed in 1795. The practice combines three deities—Hayagrīva, Garuḍa and Guru Drakpo—and is considered to be a powerful means of subjugating negative forces and overcoming disease.
- The Blissful Path of Action Tantra: A Ritual for Taking the One-Day Vows of a Lay Practitioner by Jigme Lingpa
A short ritual for taking the eight vows of a lay practitioner (upāsaka/upāsikā) for a single day. As Jigme Lingpa mentions, it is traditionally recommended to take these precepts on the eighth, fifteenth (full moon) and thirtieth (new moon) days of each lunar month.
- The History of the Kīla of Lightning-Forged Meteoric Iron, the Material Treasure of the Blazing Hayagrīva and Garuḍa by Jigme Lingpa
This letter relates the history of the kīla that Jigme Lingpa found as a material treasure at Mount Hepori. The text was written for Queen Tsewang Lhamo of Derge and offered to her together with the kīla itself. The letter is found only in the Lhasa edition of Jigme Lingpa's writings, which might indicate that it was initially kept secret and only discovered after her passing, too late to be included in the Derge edition.
- The Loud Drum of Summer: A Commentary on the Difficult Points of the Ritual of the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering by Jigme Lingpa
This is one of two commentaries by Jigme Lingpa on the Dukngal Rangdrol practice of Avalokiteśvara that he himself revealed. Here, Jigme Lingpa offers a word-by-word explanation of the sādhana, both its preliminaries and its main part, in a simple yet precise manner. He does not comment on the feast offering section, which was added only later by the First Dodrupchen, Jigme Trinle Özer (1745–1821).
- The Root Empowerment of the Vase Conferring Majesty from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jigme Lingpa
- The Sealed Quintessence: The Innermost Secret Guru Practice of the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jigme Lingpa
The innermost secret guru practice of the Longchen Nyingtik cycle focuses on Longchen Rabjam and is considered an indispensable preliminary to Dzogchen practice. Jigme Lingpa revealed the practice some time around 1761, during his second three-year retreat, then kept it secret for five years.
The sādhana of Dukngal Rangdrol (sdug bsngal rang grol), 'Natural Liberation of Suffering', is the Avalokiteśvara practice from the Longchen Nyingtik that is classed either as a peaceful yidam or as the secret-level guru practice from the peaceful, male-vidyādhara section of the cycle.
- The Vase of Immortal Life: The Long-Life Practice of the Vidyādharas, from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jigme Lingpa
This longevity practice related to Rigdzin Düpa (The Vidyādhara Assembly) includes a means of attaining immortality through Amitāyus and a summoning of longevity (tshe 'gugs) that invokes the eight vidyādharas.
- The Vidyādhara Assembly (Rigdzin Düpa), the Inner Practice from the Heart Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jigme Lingpa
The inner guru practice Vidyādhara Assembly (Rigdzin Düpa) features Guru Padmasambhava and Mandāravā at the centre of the maṇḍala, surrounded by the eight vidyādharas, twenty-five disciples and other deities.
- The Wish-Fulfilling Jewel: The Outer Practice of Guru Yoga from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse revealed by Jigme Lingpa
- The Words of the Awesome Ones: A General Overview of the Three Yogas from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Jigme Lingpa
This fundamental text from the Longchen Nyingtik cycle summarizes the view of the three inner tantras— Mahāyoga, Anuyoga and Atiyoga—and explains the approach, close approach, accomplishment and great accomplishment phases. It also elucidates major categories, such as the three objects, three enemies, and three ravines, and shows how each of the inner tantras overcomes the four māras.
Khenpo Pema Vajra
- Ornament of the Vidyādharas’ Wisdom: A Recitation Manual for the Great Compassionate One, Natural Liberation of Suffering (Dukngal Rangdrol) by Khenpo Pema Vajra
The largest commentary on Dukngal Rangdrol, this text provides a detailed explanation of how to do a retreat on Avalokiteśvara according to the Longchen Nyingtik. Drawing on Jigme Lingpa's own commentary The Visionary Instructions, the manual explains how beginners should practise the approach phase and how more advanced practitioners can practice the approach and accomplishment phases in union. The text concludes with an overview of how the path is brought to fruition.
Minling Terchen Gyurme Dorje
- Damchen Chitor: A Brief Practice of Torma Offering to the Oath-Bound Guardians by Minling Terchen Gyurme Dorje
Namkha Tsewang Chokdrup
- The Blazing Majesty of Blessings: An Activity Manual for the Blazing Wrathful Guru, Hayagrīva and Garuḍa, from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse by Namkha Tsewang Chokdrup
There are several arrangements for the Takhyung Barwa practice, but this appears to be the earliest. Its compiler, Namkha Tsewang Chokdrup, mentions that he was the object of Jigme Lingpa's own prayers of aspiration and that he received signs of accomplishment related to this deity.
Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche
Orgyen Tobgyal Rinpoche took the Etrom Lower Activities Manual from the Yangsang Tukkyi Purchik as a basis and added verses from Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche’s Nyakluk Phurba and a Rigdzin Kulwa from the Sakya tradition. The text was compiled during the Netik Phurba Drupchen in Lerab Ling, 2018.
- A Garland of Fresh Utpala Flowers: A Brief Synopsis of the Treasury of Precious Qualities, A Treatise of Pith Instructions by Patrul Rinpoche
This compilation, which supplements the root text of the transference (phowa) practice from the Heart-Essence of the Vast Expanse (Longchen Nyingtik) with additional prayers, is extracted from Patrul Rinpoche's famous The Words of My Perfect Teacher (kun bzang bla ma'i zhal lung).